1. Keyboard Shortcut Copyright Windows 10
  2. Copyright Symbol On Keyboard
  3. Keyboard Shortcut For Copyright Symbol Mac Word
  4. Keyboard Shortcut For Copyright Symbol Machine

Mac keyboard symbol shortcuts. And the good thing is, you don't have to keep a list of shortcut codes near you. Keyboard viewer of Mac OS.


2. 66 Keyboard Shortcuts for Office

When you look at a Mac keyboard for the first time, you will see the usual setup - A through Z, numbers 1 through 0, plus all of your standard symbols such as speech marks, question marks, commas, and full stops. Plus, let's not forget the currency symbol for your country such as the US dollar, the British Pound, and the Euro. This is obviously not unique to a Mac keyboard, but to all keyboards for all operating systems.

But did you also realize that there are other symbols available on the keyboard, which are not so readily visible? Ones that are hidden away, but can be brought to the surface with the aid of a keyboard shortcut? This is not very difficult if you know which buttons to press, in order to achieve the desired icon. You just have to remember them or make a list and keep it nearby.

The most important button on the keyboard in all of this is the Option key. This is the one on the bottom row, three keys from the left. If you hold this button down first, and then press another button, the hidden icon will be displayed. Some of them will be really important and necessary. Others not so much. Just quickly try them all out and make a note of the ones which are the most useful to you.

For example, the Copyright symbol. This would be necessary if you wanted to assert your copyright protections and you needed to type the symbol next to a name. But how to get the symbol? It's certainly not shown on the keyboard. Glaring omission? Hardly. Just hold down the Option key and then the letter G. The Copyright symbol will then appear.

Speical Character

Mac ShortcutSpeical CharacterMac Shortcut


OPTION + D √ (tick) OPTION + V






















Another source of special characters is by opening an application such as a Word Processing doc-ument. Then in the top Mac menu, choose Edit, followed by 'Special Characters'. This opens up a Pandoras Box of emoji and more special characters than you can shake a stick at.

In German, the Umlaut (two small dots above the letters a, o, and u) can normally be found as separate unique keys on a German Mac keyboard. However, if you are using say a US or UK key-board, the umlauts can also be accessed by holding down the necessary letter (a, o, or u) for a few seconds, and then a small popup window will appear, with variations on that letter.

If software is the route you prefer to go for your hidden icons, then that is catered for too. You don't have to do keyboard shortcuts if you don't want to. A software app can take care of it instead, and may even save you time, depending on your point of view.

The software is called 'Characters' (catchy eh?) and you can get the download link at http://getcharacters.com/. Unfortunately it is not free - it is $2.99, but that may be excellent value if you will need to access these shortcuts on a regular basis.

So this just goes to show that Mac users have a wide range of options - and they are not always advertised. It pays to dig around and see what sprouts up.

Shortcuts and utilities

  • Apple components from any active app
  • Microsoft vs. Mac Keyboards
  • App-specific keys
    • Finder
  • Chrome Browser Tabs

Many reference keys using symbols, so memorize this:

This article provides an enhanced presentation of Apple’s Keyboard Shortcuts at https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT201236

Full Screen Finger Gymnastics

Let’s get right down to an often-used action invoked by a complicated key combination:toggle full screen, which enables you to focus on your content rather than be distracted by buttons, menus, lists, etc.

Windows has its F12 key. Apple has Mac users do the equivalent of a double Summersault:

  • control + command + F

PROTIP: To toggle Full Screen view using the default configuration from Apple: while keeping your left forefinger on the F “home” key, reach with your left thumb to hold down the control key. This may hurt at first (until you get used to it). Try raising your handNow, while keeping your right forefinger on the J “home” key, reach with your right thumb to hold down the command key on the right side of the Space Bar. Then you’re in position to press F with your left forefinger.

PROTIP: Repeated practice trains muscle memory so you can find the keys without the need to take your eyes off the screen. Do not make it a habit to look at the keyboard while you learn to do the routine, which includes getting your hands back to to “home row” with forefingers on F and J. (Like a Jedi Paduan in the Star Wars movies training blindfolded)

PROTIP: To evaluate Mac developers, some interviewers ask “show me how you enter and exit Full Screen”. This is because they assume that the most productive developers work with their hands always on the keyboard.

This may be a generalization. But many top coders actually like the vi text editor. DevOps coders have to choice because computers can’t move mice and click things. Resourceful coders make it so they don’t need to waste time and attention reaching for the mouse.

PROTIP: Some put tiny drops from a glue gun on strategic points on the keyboard so they can orient their finger in the dark.

Caps Lock to Escape

BLAH: It’s annoying when all of a sudden everything I type is in caps.That happens because I accidentally had my hand too far to the left when I intended to press the A key.

I can type all caps by holding down the shift key with my left or right hand.

BLAH: The Esc (Escape) key is too far North on the keyboard and forces some to look down on the keyboard. And the Caps Lock key is too close to keys, causing problems with accidental password entry and lockouts.

PROTIP: Make the caps lock key work like the Esc key:

  1. Press the Apple icon and select System Preferences.
  2. Type K to highlight Keyboard. Press space bar to open it.
  3. Click “Modifier Keys” at the lower-right corner.
  4. Click the entry for “Caps Lock Key:” and select “Escape”.
  5. Click OK.

Switch command and control

PROTIP: Some switch the control and command keys on the left side so that they can get to all such keys using thumbs. This would also allow you to press two keys at once by pressing between the keys, thus able to perform most combinations using your hands.

PROTIP: In OS X Lion onward, change the caps lock key in:

System Preferences > Keyboard > Modifier Keys

This can also be done using a Python script or by downloading the free Karabiner which works on OSX Sierra since Apple remapped key commands. It’s free but note the package has many lingering issues.

Voice Recognition

PROTIP: Those who don’t have people sitting nearby can enable voice recognition to automatically type some (not all) keys. This has been available since the OSX Yosemite version.

See this video:

  1. CAUTION: Enabling “Use Enhanced Dictation” (In Apple System Preferences > Dictation & Speech > Turn on Dictation) causes an approximately 800MB file to be downloaded to your Mac.

  2. Choose Accessibility. Scroll to Dictation. Scroll to see which commands.
  3. Check Enable Advanced Commands. Scroll to see which commands.
  4. Get into Automator.

Apple components from any active app

Purpose Name Mouse Hot corner Key Hide
Active apps thumbnails Mission Control
(formerly Expose)
3 finger swipe up - control + up
fn + F3
Active apps dashboard Application Windows - Upper left control + F3 Esc
- Desktop Thumb and 3 finger spread - F11 toggle
Calculator, other Accessories Dashboard 3 finger swipe right Lower left ? -
Apps icons customized Dock bar (bottom of screen) Mouse beyond bottom of screen - - Esc
Active app selection Active apps - - ⌘ + Tab
Installed apps Launchpad Thumb and 3 finger pinch Upper right fn + F4 -
Files and foldersFinder - - ⌘ + option + T -
Put display to sleep Start screen saver - Lower right control + Shift + Power button -
omni-searchSpotlight - - command + spacebar Esc
mute Speaker volume - - fn + F11 -
Softer - - fn + F12 -
Louder - - fn + F12 -
Alerts Notification Center - - - -

[1] = PROTIP: This command does not work when the active program is in an extended screen.

Awkward Keys

There are some key combinations that are so awkard to use that it’s faster and easier to use a mouse or trackpad.

Since the fn and control keys are only on the left side of a MacBook keyboard,using them requires a Carpel-tunnel Syndrome-inducing move of the left hand:

  • control+F2 to highlight the Apple menu.
  • control+F3 to highlight the Dock at the bottom of the screen.

On a Mac without a visible Function keys, press fn to reveal them, thus:

  • fn + control + F2 to highlight the Apple menu.
  • fn + control + F3 to highlight the Dock at the bottom of the screen.

PROTIP: The fn key is easy to find without looking because it’s at a corner.But use a companion key on the right side of the keyboard.

Process Navigation

Press command + Tab to cycle through programs running.

Press shift plus the above reverses the cycling direction.

Stop on the icon of the app you want to make active.

Window navigation

Purpose Menu Mouse Key
New window File New Window - ⌘ + N
New window Incongnito - ⌘ + shift + N
Cycle through windows in app Window - ⌘ + ` (at upper left corner of keyboard)
Maximize window (no menu bar) -Click green icon at the top left corner of window ⌘ + shift + F
Un-Maximize window -Cursor to top left corner. Click on green icon.
Minimize window - Click yellow ball. ⌘ + M
Close current window - Click red ball. ⌘ + shift + W
Close all windows - - ⌘ + option + W
Preferencesapp name Preferences - ⌘ + ,
Quit app completelyapp name Quit - ⌘ + Q

Microsoft vs. Mac Keyboards

Needing to change habits learned typing is difficult and takes time. It’s literally taking physical therapy.This is perhaps the most frustrating aspect of changing from Windows to a Mac.

Here are the most problematic amongKeyboard mappings using a PC keyboard on a Macintoshon Microsoft’s website:

Microsoft Windows Apple Macintosh issue
Right-click (Alt) Holding down control during mouse click -
Ctrl + mouse click multiple items control + option + mouse click Two keys on Mac
Delete (right of cursor) fn + delete
control + D
Backspace (left of cursor) delete
control + H
Function key fn + F1 ... F12
Windows Start orb control+F2, then enter/returnawkard
Num lock Virtual Machine > Send Key
Home (top of doc) fn + left
End (bottom of doc) fn + right
Insert toggle Requires mapping

See http://osxdaily.com/2012/02/23/keyboard-shortcuts-to-navigate-select-text-mac-os-x/

Insert key requires mapping

Sending the equivalent of Windows keyboard Insert on a Mac is problematic, especially within a virtual Windows machine.

  • On older Macintosh keyboards, press the Help key.
  • On older Macintosh notebook keyboards, press fn+M.
  • Newer Macintosh notebooks do not support fn+M. So map Alt+F1 within VMware Fusion > Preferences > Keyboard & Mouse > Key Mappings.

Delete and Backspace keys swapped

The Delete key on an Apple keyboard (⌫ on older keyboards)is actually the backspace key to all other operating systems.To press the equivalent of the Windows backspace that removes to the left of the cursor:

  • On a Macintosh notebook keyboard, press fn + Delete.
  • On older full-sized Macintosh keyboards, press ⌦ (called 'Forward Delete') below the Help key.

The ALT key on Windows is OPTION on Mac keyboards.

To send key commands from a Mac into a Windows instance inside VMWare Fusion.

Trackpad Remapping Tool

The trackpad on OSX recognizes multiple touch points (fingers) at once.

  • One finger to move the mouse cursor.
  • Two fingers to scroll up or down.
  • Three fingers to move among applications active.

BetterTouchTool (BTT) $6.50 app remaps what Apple input devices (keyboard, Magic Mouse, Touchpad, Trackpad) recognize, and also adds more gestures.

Use my installer for Mac to setup this program along with all others by running repeatable Ansible declarations.

There are several dimensions:

Fingers Motion Direction Repeats Pressure
pinch in/out (zoom)

Combos: single finger tap left, single finger tap right, single finger tap, two finger tap, two finger click, two finger swipe (up/down/left/right), three finger tap, three finger click, three finger swipe (up/down/left/right) and ‘TipTap’ left/right.

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A1xFhreDR_k
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7mr2IiJ0Y0E
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qeocxFO5yWA
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aFmB3XCva_Y

Programs can be invoked several different ways:

  • Click the magnifying glass and type the program name
  • Click on the apple menu
  • the Dock
  • or from the Applications folder on your hard drive.

To reset during open, in the Application folder,hold down all keys SHIFT OPTION COMMAND then click the app’s icon.

Keyboard Mapping

NOTE: MacOS defines most of its keybindings for editing text in:

PROTIP: Remap home and end key by creating folder ~/Library/KeyBindings/ and in it file DefaultKeyBinding.dict containing a property list like this:

{ “UF729” = moveToBeginningOfLine:; // home “UF72B” = moveToEndOfLine:; // end “$UF729” = moveToBeginningOfLineAndModifySelection:; // shift-home “$UF72B” = moveToEndOfLineAndModifySelection:; // shift-end}

This requires a reboot.

App-specific keys


I probably click the Finder Favorites more than anything else.So I’ve memorized the keyboard keys.

  • Option + ⌘ + L for the Downloads folder

  • Shift + ⌘ + D for the Desktop folder where screen captures are stored (by default).
  • Shift + ⌘ + A for the Applications folder where apps are stored.

This enables me to remove default items in the Favorites list (by right-clicking on it)so I can instead list my own folders I use most often.

Keyboard shortcut for copyright symbol machine
  • To go a level up or down in the Finder, press ⌘ + up arrow or down arrow.

  • Open parent folder and close current window: Option-Command-Up Arrow

  • To open folders and files by clicking on it andpressing ⌘ + O (instead of Enter as you would on Windows).

  • ⌘ + 1 = Icon view
  • ⌘ + 2 = List view
  • ⌘ + 3 = Column view
  • ⌘ + 4 = Cover flow view

    QUESTION: Is there a key to expand width of columns?

  • control + ⌘ + number to control Arrange sorting.

  • ⌘ + F to Search text.

Hide and Unhide Folders

Under Favorites,click on your user name (next to the house icon).If the Library folder does not appear:

sudo chflags nohidden /Library/ ~/Library/

To hide Library again:

sudo chflags hidden /Library/ ~/Library/

System Preferences keyboard shortcut

Apple’s System Preferences is a dialog I go to often.But it doesn’t have a default universal keyboard shortcut.

So let’s make one, using control+command+comma.(I use my middle finger to reach the comma).

  1. Click the Apple icon. Notice whether there is a shortcut for System Preferences. Below is what it looks like after going through the steps below.

  2. Select System Preferences.
  3. Click the Keyboard panel.
  4. Click “Shortcuts” tab.
  5. Select “Application Shortcuts” from the list.
  6. Click the [+] plus button for the pulldown menu.
  7. Choose “All Applications”, then in the field labeled “Menu Title” enter “System Preferences…”.
  8. Click in the field labeled “Keyboard Shortcut”.
  9. Press the hotkey you want to use. For me use Control+Command+,. You should see the icons appear.
  10. Click “Add” to close out of System Preferences.
  11. Exit System Preferences by clicking the red dot.
  12. Try it: Hit the shortcut you just created.

Chrome Browser Tabs

Purpose Firefox Chrome
New blank tab ⌘ + shift + H
Home tab ⌘ + T
Open Settings / Preferences tab ⌘ + , (comma)
Close current tab ⌘ + W
Re-open tab ⌘ + shift + T
Cycle through tabs control + Tab
Bookmarks manager tab - option + ⌘ + B
History tab - option + ⌘ + H
Downloads tab - shift + ⌘ + J
Browser Console shift + ⌘ + B

See https://support.google.com/chrome/answer/165450?hl=en

  • Firefox keyboard shortcuts can be re-mapped using the Manu Wizard plug-in.

Page operations within Chrome Tab

Purpose Mouse Key
History - shift + ⌘ + H
Search web - option + ⌘ + F
Find bar (to text on page) - ⌘ + F
Find next match - ⌘ + G
Find previous match - shift + ⌘ + G or
shift + Enter
Enter highlighted text to Find - ⌘ + E
Page Down - fn + down arrow
Page Up - fn + up arrow
Page top (home) - fn + left arrow
End of page - fn + right arrow
Previous page - ⌘ + [
Next page - ⌘ + ]
Refresh - ⌘ + R
Bookmark current page - ⌘ + D
JavaScript Console - option + ⌘ + J
Source HTML - option + ⌘ + U

Text string operations

Purpose Mouse Key
Cut highlighted text - ⌘ + X
Copy highlighted text to clipboard - ⌘ + C
Paste highlighted text from clipboard - ⌘ + V
Copy URL of current page to the clipboard. - option + ⌘ + C
Paste content without formatting - shift + option + ⌘ + V

Chrome iMacros

To use macros, add to Chrome browser theiMacros for Chrome.

This auto-opens http://imacros.net/browser/cr/welcome.

To use macros on Firefox, open in Firefox iMacros for Firefox.Click Add to Firefox.Click Install.Click Restart Now.

Microsoft Word for Mac 2011

    • Save = command + S
    • Save As = Shift + command + S

Text Editor Special Characters

In a text editor, press either Shift + Option + 8 or Option + 0.

For autocomplete in TextEdit, press Tab + Esc.Unfortunately, this is the same key to toggle the Mac’s text-to-speech.

For the ©Copyright symbol, press the “alt” key (or “option”) and hold it down while typing “g” on the keyboard.

Keyboard Symbols

This website and others make use of special coding to represent Appleicons and keyboard icons.

Below is modified from Joe Weaks

Icon Name Unicode Font
Power 3U+233D
Apple symbol 1U+F8FFLucida Grande
Command (Open Apple) 2U+2318
Option (Alt, Alternative)U+2325
ShiftU+21E7 Apple Symbols
Tab forwardU+21E5
Tab backU+21E4

Delete backU+232B
Delete forwardU+2326
HelpU+003F &



Up arrowU+2191

Down arrowU+2193

Left arrowU+2190

Right arrowU+2192
NumberlockU+21ED Apple Symbols

Robot typists

For making videos:

Slowly output the contents of the clipboard into the currently active tab, one character at a time. Map to CTRL-SHIFT-V for a slow paste command.

Applescript “robot” typist inserts characters into XCode or other application

Creates a mapping that will type out the given text into vim.

Cross machine

For a $19 one-time purchase,
enables you to use a single keyboard and mouse on Mac, Windows, and Linux.


More on OSX

This is one of a series on Mac OSX:

Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.
Coments are closed
Scroll to top